Treatment Planning, Pacing, and Countertransference: Perspectives on the Psychotherapy of Early Affect-Confusion

Richard G. Erskine


This article is a rejoinder and elaboration on the article “Early Affect-Confusion: The ‘Borderline’ Between Despair and Rage: Part 1 of a Case Study Trilogy” and addresses the distinction between personality style, pattern, and disorder. It describes the pacing of a time-limited psychotherapy, the use of phenomenological inquiry in resolving transferential enactments, and the psychological function of idealization.                          


psychological functions; personality style; personality pattern; personality disorder; phenomenological inquiry; pacing; time-limited therapy; transference; countertransference

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