Child Development in Integrative Psychotherapy: Erik Erikson’s First Three Stages

Richard G. Erskine


Child development concepts and research provide the basis for therapeutic inquiry in a developmentally based, relationally focused integrative psychotherapy. This article focuses on the developmental ideas of Erik Erikson and relates them to the concepts of Bowlby, Fraiberg, Piaget, and Winnicott. The various developmental concepts provide the basis for developmental attunement, forming developmental images, phenomenological inquiry, and therapeutic inference that allow implicit and procedural memory to be expressed in a therapeutic narrative.


attunement; unconscious relational patterns; developmental attunement; developmental image; implicit memory; procedural memory; subsymbolic memory; child development; developmental psychotherapy;therapeutic inference;integrative psychotherapy

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